Hatch: What’s in a Name
The tapered green chiles known as Hatch chiles are exclusively grown in the farmlands of Hatch, New Mexico. In season from late summer to early fall, Hatch chiles are a beloved pepper for chile fans due to their robust and spicy flavor. Because only chiles of this variety, grown in the Hatch region of New Mexico, can be called Hatch, there are other names for the same type of chile. The Pueblo chile is grown in Pueblo, Colorado. And, Anaheim chiles are attributed to farmer Emilio Ortega who brought the seeds from New Mexico to the Anaheim, California area in 1894. But, all three chiles are quite similar.
When it comes to picking the perfect Hatch chiles, keep your eyes peeled for firm, smooth peppers with no blemishes, soft spots or wrinkles. Once picked, wrap unwashed Hatch chiles in a paper towel, place in a sealed container and refrigerate. They should keep for up to 14 days.
How Hot are Hatch Chiles?
Capsaicin is the chemical compound that gives all peppers their heat. Quantifying this is the Scoville heat unit scale, or SHU. A little bit of a wild card, Hatch chiles range from 0–70,000 SHU. What does this mean? For comparison, here are some peppers with their SHU heat range:
- Green peppers 0 SHU
- Jalapeños 2,500–2,500 SHU
- Habaneros start at 100,000–350,000 SHU
If you’re curious to know more about chile peppers, and to find out what to do if you’ve eaten a chile that’s too hot, check out our other article Peppers: Hot, Hotter, Hottest
How to Roast Hatch Chiles at Home
While you can certainly eat Hatch chiles raw, they are best when roasted. Roasting the chiles mellows out the pepper’s potential fiery heat and lends to the distinctive, rich flavor of the chile. Additionally, the skins are tougher than other peppers. Properly roasting them makes removing the tough skins easier. Roasting Hatch chiles at home is easy—all you need to do is char the skin of the pepper. You can do this on a grill, in your broiler, or even with a pair of tongs over a gas flame on your stove. Our preferred method is via the oven.
Here’s how it’s done:
- Set the oven on broil and the whole process should take 10–12 minutes.
- Turn the peppers as the tops blister and char until they’re done on all sides, then remove.
- Immediately seal them in a resealable bag or foil and allow to cool. Cooling in the bag/foil will make the charred outer skin pull away from the pepper, making them a breeze to peel.
- When they are cool, remove them from the bag and use your fingers to gently peel the dark, blistered skin off, under cool running water.
- Slice down the length of the pepper and remove the top and seeds.
Stock up! Roasted Hatch chiles freeze beautifully, so you can enjoy their fresh Southwestern flavor long after their window of availability has closed.
Hatch chiles are delicious with beans, beef, chicken and eggs. They complement flavors found in citrus and spices such as basil, cilantro and oregano. Try the delicious and easy Hatch chimichurri sauce featured in the video for a below. Plus, keep scrolling for more Hatch-centric recipes!
Video Description: Combine one roasted Hatch chile, 1/4 cup cilantro, 1/4 cup Italian parsley, 2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar, 1 tablespoon olive oil and 2 cloves garlic in a blender. Blend until well incorporated and salt and pepper to taste. Serve over flank steak or tacos.
Try These Easy Hatch Recipes:
Did You Know?
Free from cholesterol, and low in fat and sodium, Hatch chiles are also good sources of vitamins C and A. Capsaicin, responsible for their spicy heat, is thought to have anti-inflammatory properties.